DID YOU KNOW?
The island of Cabrera, the largest in the archipelago of the same name and today a National Maritime-Terrestrial Park, was used as a concentration camp in the early 19th century

The island of Cabrera, the largest in the archipelago of the same name and today a National Maritime-Terrestrial Park, was used as a concentration camp in the early 19th century


There are very few physical mementos remaining from this episode. Near Cas Pagès there is an archaeological zone called the “Barracas de los prisioneros napoleónicos” (Barracks of the Napoleonic Prisoners), which contains the remains of ten small rooms that were part of the encampment that the prisoners themselves built starting in 1810. They made use of Palaeo-Christian remains – late Roman or Byzantine – of what might have been a 6th century monastery.

The Monument to French Prisoners, located near Es Celler in the valley known as Ses Quatre Quarterades, was built in 1847 by the members of a French squadron on the orders of the Prince of Joinville. It was erected in memory of these soldiers’ tragic sojourn on the island. It has a square-shaped socle or foundation, which is closed or protected by an iron band bearing ornamental elements. Over the socle is a 7.23 metre tall obelisk made of stone from Santanyí; it has a cube-shaped base from which the pyramid-shaped column itself rises up, topped by an iron cross. Its foundations contain an ossuary that harbours the remains of the prisoners who died on Cabrera, which were collected by the developers of the monument themselves.

What is today the magnificent National Park recalls the mournful and today distant farewell left by J. P. Pierre Péllissier, one of the French survivors from 1814:

“Farewell sorrows, farewell mountains,
Island of exile and slavery.
Farewell barracks and farewell beaches.
It was about time we bid you farewell!”




lineasGo backlineas





PATRIMONI A LES ILLES BALEARS Agència de Turisme de les Illes Balears (ATB), Conselleria de Turisme i Esports Illes Balears Institut d'Estudis Balearics Illes Balears